Tobacco and Heart Disease

Cigarette smoking causes ten deaths per minute

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) kill more people than any other cause of death worldwide, and tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure contribute to approximately 12 per cent of all heart disease deaths.

Francois Bourdillon is the director of the public health agency.

The WHO said, "The tobacco epidemic was one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced, killing more than seven million people each year".

But many people are unaware that almost half of those deaths, around three million, are due to heart disease, including heart attacks and strokes.

While in India and Indonesia, more than half of adults are unaware that smoking can cause strokes.

"Although often associated with ill-health, disability and death from non-communicable chronic diseases, tobacco smoking is also associated with an increased risk of death from communicable diseases".

"When we started doing this in 1998 a third of our high school kids were cigarette smokers", said McMillan. The prevalence of smokers in the region has declined from 28.0% in 2000 to 17.4% in 2015.

Smokeless tobacco: around 6.5% of the global population aged 15 and over use smokeless tobacco (8.4% of males and 4.6% of females). This reduction of smoking in the low income groups thus is a very welcome change.

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A set of anti-smoking postal stamps was jointly issued by the Ministry of Information and Communications and the Ministry of Health at a ceremony in Hanoi on May 31.

The campaigners carried placards bearing inscriptions including "The Effects of Tobacco not only Affects you, It takes a Turn on your Friends, Family and Life" and "Smoking Affects Every Part of the Body".

Developing countries: Over 80% of tobacco smokers live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICS).

"There is compelling evidence from countries that have implemented tobacco reduction measures, that results can be seen quickly", says Dr. Adriana Blanco, Unit Chief of Risk Factors and Nutrition for the Department of Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health at PAHO.

At current rates tobacco could account for more up to a billion deaths in the 21st century, the World Health Organization says.

Quitting the habit is made more hard by the physical addiction to nicotine - the chemical stimulant in tobacco.

Further, Acharya cautioned that the coming generations must be timely protected from the devastating consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke.

Recent years have seen neutral packaging, reimbursements for people using tobacco substitutes, higher cigarette pricing and campaigns like the national tobacco-free month. As per data, 19 per cent of men, 2 per cent of women and 10.7 per cent of all adults now smoke tobacco, while 29.6 per cent of men, 12.8 per cent of women and 21.4 per cent of all adults now use smokeless tobacco. "You may have heard this a million times, smoking is risky to your health, but we still want to remind you every time we have a chance", said Health Secretary Francisco Duque III during a press conference Thursday at the DOH Central office in Manila.

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